The are many surgical treatments for breast disease ranging from open surgical biopsies, lumpectomy, mastectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy. The appropriate preoperative evaluation is paramount to making the correct surgical choice.
Generally speaking there are two types of surgical treatments for breast cancer: lumpectomy or mastectomy. There are two goals related to breast cancer surgery: 1) remove/biopsy lymph nodes, and 2) remove the tumor with a clear surgical margin. A mastectomy removes ‘all’ of the breast tissue while with a lumpectomy (partial mastectomy) only the mass/lesion is removed .